infinitive past simple form past participle

a

abide

abided/abode*

abided/abidden*

acknow*

acknew

acknown

arise

arose

arisen

awake

awoke/awaked

awoken/awaked

b

babysit

babysat

babysat

backlight

backlit/backlighted

backlit/backlighted

backslide

backslid

backslid

be

was/were

been

bear

bore

born/borne

beat

beat

beaten/beat

become

became

become

befall

befell

befallen

beget

begot/begat*

begotten/begot

begin

began

begun

bego

bewent

begone

behold

beheld

beheld

belead

beled

beled

bend

bent/bended

bent/bended

bequeath

bequeathed/bequoth

bequoth/bequethen

bereave

bereaved/bereft

bereaved/bereft

besee*

besaw*

beseen*

beseech

beseeched/besought

beseeched/besought

beseek

besought

besought

beset

beset

beset

beshine*

beshone

beshone

bespeak*

bespoke

bespoken

bespread*

bespread

bespread

bet

bet/betted

bet/betted

betake

betook

betaken

beweep*

bewept

bewept

bid

bid

bid

(in playing cards, auctions, etc.)

bid

bade/bid/bidded

bidden/bid/bidded

(meaning to request or say)

bide

bided/bode

bided/bidden

bind

bound

bound

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

bless

blessed/blest

blessed/blest

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

breastfeed

breastfed

breastfed

breed

bred

bred

bring

brought

brought

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

browbeat

browbeat

browbeaten

build

built

built

burn

burned/burnt

burnt/burned

burst

burst/bursted

burst/bursted/busted

buy

bought

bought/boughten*

c

can

could

(none)

(auxiliary verb only)

cast

cast

cast

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

clearcut

clearcut

clearcut

cleave

clove

cloven/cleft

(split apart)

cleave*

cleft/cleaved

cleft/cleaved

(cling to)

clepe*

cleped/clept

cleped/clept

cling

clung

clung

clothe

clothed/clad

clothed/clad

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

(the intransitive sense)

creep

crept

crept

crosscut

crosscut

crosscut

crow

crowed/crew

crowed

cut

cut

cut

d

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

dive

dived/dove

dived

do

did

done

downcast

downcast

downcast

drag

drug/dragged

drug/dragged

draw

drew

drawn

dream

dreamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt

dress

dressed/drest*

dressed/drest*

drink

drank

drunk/drank

drive

drove

driven

dwell

dwelt/dwelled

dwelt/dwelled

e

eat

ate

eaten

f

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fit

fit/fitted

fit/fitted

flee

fled

fled

fling

flung

flung

fly

flew

flown

forbear

forbore

forborne

forbid

forbade/forbid

forbidden

force-feed

force-fed

force-fed

fordo*

fordid

fordone

forecast

forecast

forecast

forego

forewent

foregone

foreknow

foreknew

foreknown

forelay*

forelaid

forelaid

forelie*

forelay

forelain

forerun*

foreran

forerun

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

forespeak*

forespoke

forespoken

foretell

foretold

foretold

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

forgo

forwent

forgone

forlay*

forlaid

forlaid

forleave*

forleft

forleft/forlaft

forlend*

forlent

forlent

forlese*

forlore

forlorn

forlet*

forlet

forlet

forlie*

forlay

forlain

forsake

forsook

forsaken

forsay*

forsaid

forsaid

forshape*

forshaped

forshapen/forshaped

forspeak*

forspoke

forspoken

forspend*

forspent

forspent

forswear

forswore

forsworn

forwear*

forwore

forworn

freeze

froze

frozen

g

gainsay*

gainsaid

gainsaid

get

got

gotten/got

ghostwrite

ghostwrote

ghostwritten

gild

gilded/gilt

gilded/gilt

gird*

girt/girded

girt/girded

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grave*

grove/graved

graven/graved

green-light

green-lit/green-lighted

green-lit/green-lighted

grind

ground/grinded

ground

grow

grew

grown

h

hamstring

hamstrung

hamstrung

hand-feed

hand-fed

hand-fed

handset

handset

handset

handsew

handsewed

handsewed/handsewn

handspring

handsprang

handsprung

hang

hung/hanged

hung/hanged

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

heave

heaved/hove

heaved/hove/hoven

hew

hew/hewed

hewn/hewed

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hoise

hoist

hoist

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

i

inbreed

inbred

inbred

inhold

inheld

inheld

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

input

input

input

inset

inset

inset

interbreed

interbred

interbred

intercut

intercut

intercut

interweave

interwove

interwoven

k

keep

kept

kept

ken*

kenned/kent

kenned/kent

kneel

knelt/kneeled

knelt/kneeled

knit

knit/knitted

knit/knitted

know

knew

known

l

lade

laded

laden/laded

laugh

laughed/laught*

laughed/laught*

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

lean

leaned/leant

leaned/leant

leap

leaped/leapt

leaped/leapt

learn

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let (allow)

let

let

lie

lay

lain (posture)

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

lipread

lipread

lipread

lose

lost

lost

m

make

made

made

may

might

(none)

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

melt

melted/molt*

melted/molten*

misbear

misbore

misborne

misbecome

misbecame

misbecome

misbecome

misbecame

misbecome

misbefall*

misbefell

misbefallen

misbeget

misbegot

misbegotten/misbegot

miscast

miscast

miscast

mischoose

mischose

mischosen

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

misdo

misdid

misdone

misfall*

misfell

misfallen

misfeed

misfed

misfed

misfit

misfit/misfitted

misfit/misfitted

misget

misgot

misgotten

misgive

misgave

misgiven

mishear

misheard

misheard

mishit

mishit

mishit

mishold

misheld

misheld

miskeep

miskept

miskept

misken

miskenned/miskent

miskenned/miskent

misknow

misknew

misknown

mislay

mislaid

mislaid

mislead

misled

misled

mislearn

mislearned/mislearnt

mislearned/mislearnt

misread

misread

misread

missay

missaid

missaid

missee

missaw

misseen

missend

missent

missent

misset

misset

misset

misshape

misshaped

misshapen/misshaped

misshoot

misshot

misshot

misspeak

misspoke

misspoken

misspell

misspelled/misspelt

misspelled/misspelt

misspend

misspent

misspent

mistake

mistook

mistaken

misthrow

misthrew

misthrown

misunderstand

misunderstood

misunderstood

miswrite

miswrote

miswritten

mow

mowed

mowed/mown

n

naysay*

naysaid

naysaid

o

outbid

outbid

outbid

outbreak

outbroke

outbroken

outdo

outdid

outdone

outdraw

outdrew

outdrawn

outdrink

outdrank

outdrunk

outfly

outflew

outflown

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

outlay

outlaid

outlaid

outleap

outleaped/outleapt

outleaped/outleapt

output

output

output

outride

outrode

outridden

outrun

outran

outrun

outsell

outsold

outsold

outshine

outshined/outshone

outshined/outshone

outspend

outspent

outspent

outstride

outstrode

outstridden

outstrive

outstrove

outstriven

outswear

outswore

outsworn

outtell*

outtold

outtold

outthink

outthought

outthought

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

outthrust

outthrust

outthrust

outwear

outwore

outworn

overbear

overbore

overborne

overbend

overbent

overbent

overbid

overbid

overbid

overblow

overblew

overblown

overbreed

overbred

overbred

overbuild

overbuilt

overbuilt

overbuy

overbought

overbought

overcast

overcast

overcast

overclothe

overclothed/overclad

overclothed/overclad

overcome

overcame

overcome

overdo

overdid

overdone

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

overdress

overdressed

overdressed

overdrink

overdrank

overdrunk

overdrive

overdrove

overdriven

overeat

overate

overeaten

overfeed

overfed

overfed

overfly

overflew

overflown

overget*

overgot

overgotten

overgrow

overgrew

overgrown

overhang

overhung

overhung

overhear

overheard

overheard

overhit

overhit

overhit

overlade

overladed

overladen/overladed

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

overlie

overlay

overlain

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

override

overrode

overridden

overrun

overran

overrun

oversee

oversaw

overseen

oversell

oversold

oversold

overset*

overset

overset

oversew

oversewed

oversewed/oversewn

overshine

overshined/overshone

overshined/overshone

overshoot

overshot

overshot

overshrink

overshrank/overshrunk

overshrunk/overshrunken

oversleep

overslept

overslept

overslide

overslid

overslid/overslidden

overslip

overslipped/overslipt

overslipped/overslipt

overspend

overspent

overspent

overspill*

overspilled/overspilt

overspilled/overspilt

overstride

overstrode

overstridden

overstrike

overstruck

overstruck

overstring

overstrung

overstrung

overstrive

overstrove

overstriven

overswing

overswung

overswung

overtake

overtook

overtaken

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

overwear

overwore

overworn

overwet

overwet/overwetted

overwet/overwetted

overwork

overworked/overwrought*

overworked/overwrought*

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

p

partake

partook

partaken

pay

paid

paid

pen

penned/pent

penned/pent

plead

pleaded/pled

pleaded/pled

podcast

podcast

podcast

precast

precast

precast

prepay

prepaid

prepaid

preset

preset

preset

proofread

proofread

proofread

prove

proved

proved/proven

put

put

put

q

queath*

quoth

quoth/quethen

quit

quit

quit

r

re-lay

re-laid

re-laid

reach

raught/reached

raught/reached*

read

read

read

reave*

reft

reft

rebid

rebid

rebid

rebreak

rebroke

rebroken

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

recast

recast

recast

recut

recut

recut

redeal

redealt

redealt

redo

redid

redone

redraw

redrew

redrawn

refind

refound

refound

refreeze

refroze

refrozen

regrow

regrew

regrown

relight

relit/relighted

relit/relighted

remake

remade

remade

rend

rent

rent

repay

repaid

repaid

reread

reread

reread

rerun

reran

rerun

resell

resold

resold

resend

resent

resent

reset

reset

reset

reshoot

reshot

reshot

reshow

reshowed

reshown/reshowed

resing

resang

resung

retake

retook

retaken

retell

retold

retold

rethink

rethought

rethought

retread

retrod

retrodden/retrod

rewed

rewed/rewedded

rewed/rewedded

rewind

rewound

rewound

rewrite

rewrote

rewritten

rid

rid/ridded

rid/ridden/ridded

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

rive*

rived/rove

rived/riven

run

ran

run

s

sake*

sook

saken

saw

sawed

sawed/sawn

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

seethe

seethed/sod*

seethed/sodden*

self-feed

self-fed

self-fed

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

sew

sewed

sewed/sewn

shake

shook

shaken

shall

should

(none)

shape

shaped

shapen/shaped

shave

shove/shaved

shaven/shaved

shear

shore/sheared

shorn/sheared

shed

shed

shed

shine

shined/shone

shined/shone

shit

shit/shat/shitted

shit/shat/shitted

shite*

shit/shat

shit/shat/shitten

shoe

shoed/shod

shoed/shod/shodden

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown/showed

shrink

shrank/shrunk

shrunk/shrunken

shrive*

shrove

shriven

shut

shut

shut

simulcast

simulcast

simulcast

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank/sunk

sunk/sunken

sit

sat

sat/sitten*

slay

slew/slayed

slain/slayed

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid/slidden

sling

slung/slang

slung

slink

slunk

slunk

slip

slipped/slipt*

slipped/slipt*

slit

slit

slit

smell

smelled/smelt

smelled/smelt

smite*

smote/smit*

smitten

sneak

sneaked/snuck*

sneaked/snuck

sow

sowed/sew

sowed/sown

speak

spoke/spake*

spoken/spoke

speed

sped/speeded

sped/speeded

spell

spelled/spelt

spelled/spelt

spend

spent

spent

spill

spilled/spilt

spilled/spilt

spin

span/spun

spun

spit

spit/spat

spit

split

split

split

spoil

spoiled/spoilt

spoiled/spoilt

spoonfeed

spoonfed

spoonfed

spread

spread

spread

spring

sprang/sprung

sprung

stand

stood

stood

stave

stove/staved

stove/staved

stay

stayed/staid*

stayed/staid*

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung/stang

stung

stink

stank/stunk

stunk

strew

strew/strewed

strewn/strewed

stride

strode/strided

stridden/strided

strike

struck

stricken/struck

string

strang/strung

strung

strive

strove/strived

striven/strived

sublet

sublet

sublet

swear

swore

sworn

sweat

sweat/sweated

sweat/sweated

sweep

swept

swept

swell

swelled/swole

swelled/swollen

swelt*

swolt/swelted

swolten/swelted

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung/swang

swung/swungen*

t

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

telecast

telecast

telecast

tell

told

told

test-drive

test-drove

test-driven

test-fly

test-flew

test-flown

think

thought

thought

thrive

thrived/throve

thrived/thriven

throw

threw

thrown

thrust

thrust/thrusted

thrust/thrusted

tread

trod

trodden/trod

typecast

typecast

typecast

u

unbend

unbent

unbent

unbind

unbound

unbound

unclothe

unclothed/unclad

unclothed/unclad

underbear

underbore

underborne

underbet

underbet

underbet

underbid

underbid

underbid

underbind

underbound

underbound

underbuild

underbuilt

underbuilt

underbuy

underbought

underbought

undercast

undercast

undercast

underclothe

underclothed/underclad

underclothed/underclad

undercut

undercut

undercut

underdig

underdug

underdug

underdo

underdid

underdone

underdraw

underdrew

underdrawn

underdress

underdressed

underdressed

undereat

underate

undereaten

underfeed

underfed

underfed

underget*

undergot

undergotten

undergird

undergirt/undergirded

undergirt/undergirded

undergo

underwent

undergone

undergrow

undergrew

undergrown

underhang

underhung

underhung

underhew*

underhewed

underhewn/underhewed

underhit

underhit

underhit

underkeep

underkept

underkept

underlay

underlaid

underlaid

underlet*

underlet

underlet

underlie

underlay

underlain

underpay

underpaid

underpaid

underrun

underran

underrun

undersee

undersaw

underseen

undersell

undersold

undersold

undershoot

undershot

undershot

undersleep

underslept

underslept

understand

understood

understood

undertake

undertook

undertaken

underthrow

underthrew

underthrown

underwrite

underwrote

underwritten

undo

undid

undone

undress

undressed

undressed

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

unhear

unheard

unheard

unlearn

unlearned/unlearnt

unlearned/unlearnt

unmake

unmade

unmade

unweave

unwove

unwoven

unwind

unwound

unwound

upcast

upcast

upcast

upgrow

upgrew

upgrown

uphang

uphung

uphung

upheave

upheaved/uphove

upheaved/uphove/uphoven

uphold

upheld

upheld

uplay

uplaid

uplaid

uprise

uprose

uprisen

upsell

upsold

upsold

upset

upset

upset

upstand

upstood

upstood

upsweep

upswept

upswept

upswell

upswelled

upswelled/upswollen

uptake*

uptook

uptaken

uptear

uptore

uptorn

upthrow

upthrew

upthrown

w

wake

woke/waked

woken/waked

wax

waxed

waxed/waxen

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

wear

wore

worn

weave

weaved/wove

woven

webcast

webcast

webcast

wed

wed/wedded

wed/wedded

weep

wept

wept

wend

wended/went*

wended/went*

wet

wet/wetted

wet/wetted

will

would

(none)

(auxiliary verb only)

win

won

won

wind

wound

wound

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

withgo*

withwent

withgone

withhold

withheld

withheld

withsay*

withsaid

withsaid

withset*

withset

withset

withsit*

withsat

withsat/withsitten*

withstand

withstood

withstood

work

worked/wrought*

worked/wrought*

worth*

worth/worthed*

worth*/worthed*/worthen*

wreak

wreaked/wrack

wreaked/wreaken/wroken*

wring

wrang/wrung

wrung

write

wrote/writ*

written

writhe

writhed/wrothe*

writhed/writhen*

* stands for an archaic form. Source Wikipedia.

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